Sather Tower ("the Campanile") is built mainly
of California granite. Four floors
are used to store fossils belonging to the
of Paleontology in VLSB.
The Campanile elevator operator says that many of these
fossils come from the La Brea Tar Pits near
Los Angeles. The Campanile Tower also housed a large collection of paper seismograms recorded by what were then called the "Seismographic Stations". These records were relocated to a storage area under Edwards Track and Field Stadium in the early 1980s.
a foggy day, the view from the top of the Campanile is
rather bleak; clear mornings are a rare
Kubinec, special lecturer in the
of Chemistry and a Bay Area wind expert, describes the scientific basis for Berkeley weather:
Temperatures near the coast are moderated by the ocean,
which absorbs and releases heat slowly. At night, the
water vapor just above the Bay cools and condenses,
forming the fog we see in the mornings. As the day
wears on, California's Central Valley, which doesn't benefit from proximity to the ocean, gets very
hot. The heat excites the molecules that comprise the air and they move more quickly, spread apart, and rise.
This "molecular migration" creates a center of low pressure in the Central Valley.
The cooler, more densely-packed molecules of air by the Bay rush to
fill in the spaces, reducing the east-west pressure gradient. This
rush of molecules is felt as the strong
sea breeze that blows from
west (through the Golden Gate) to east (in the Central Valley) in the
afternoons. As the wind blows, it also carries with it most of the Bay Area's
air pollution and drops it off around Sacramento.