MHC - Lick Observatory, Mt. Hamiliton, CA, USA
We operate broadband and borehole stations under the network code BK. The Berkeley Digital Seismic Network (BDSN) is a regional network of very broadband and strong motion seismic stations designed to monitor regional seismic activity as well as provide high quality data. The Berkeley borehole stations have borehole geophones or other seismic sensors and may have other geophysical instrumentation.
BARD is our GPS network for monitoring crustal deformation across the Pacific-North America plate boundary and in the San Francisco Bay Area for earthquake hazard reduction studies and rapid earthquake emergency response assessment
|Station Name||MHC (MHCB)|
|In Operation||1986/09/10 00:00:00 - Present|
LocationSite is located at the Lick Observatory atop Mount Hamilton, and is under the auspices of UC Santa Cruz. The site was first established in 1887 with the installation of the first seismic sensors in North America, and has been occupied continuously since then. Wood-Anderson seismographs were deployed at this site in 1928 and operated until 1993. The first digital broadband instrumentation was deployed in 1987.
NetworkBerkeley Digital Seismic Network (BK)
Bay Area Regional Deformation Network Network (BARD)
Jurassic-Cretaceous Franciscan greywacke and greenstone
Borehole ConditionsThe vault is located in a room in the east wing of the Lick Observatory. The piers are reinforced concrete which are isolated from the building. The seismometer room is isolated from the hallway via two doors and the datalogger and supporting equipment are in an adjacent room. The seismometers are thermally insulated with 4" of polyurethane foam.
GPS Monument DescriptionThreaded 5/8" rod cemented into roof of concrete building.
Seismic Station Pictures
View of the dome at MHC
Typical STS-1 installation
- Time series processing at the BSL *
Last year Clean Clean & detrended Raw Raw & detrended Lifetime Clean Clean & detrended Raw Raw & detrended Text file (final results only) Clean Raw
GPS Station Pictures
Table of Seismic Instrumentation
|Broadband||Streckeisen STS-1 VBB Feedback Horizontal Seismometer||Q330HR-GFE||BH?,HH?,LH?,VH?||00|
|Streckeisen STS-1 VBB Feedback Vertical Seismometer||Q330HR-GFE||BH?,HH?,LH?,VH?||00|
|Accelerometer||Kinemetrics FBA ES-T Accel. (2 g max 10 v/g)||Q330HR-GFE||HN?||00|
|GPS||Septentrio PolaRx5||Ashtech Choke-Ring||SCIGN Short||-|
Waveforms and associated metadata, and GPS data, are available at the Northern California Earthquake Data Center (NCEDC).
- BK Information Directory, including
Data completeness is defined both as "Completeness of observations" and "Cycle slips per observation". "Completeness of Obs." is the number of epochs in the final RINEX file normalized to the expected number. This percentage will go down if time is missing from the RINEX file. "Cycle slips per Obs." is the total number of detected cycle slip normalized to the total number of observations in the RINEX file. This number will increase as the receiver loses lock on satellites more frequently.
The effects of multipath on the data are estimated by parameters for L1 and L2 (MP1 and MP2 respectively); see Estey and Meertens (GPS Solutions, 1999) for derivation. The daily value is the RMS of MP1 and MP2 throughout the day and for all satellites. Higher values indicate a greater prevalence and/or strength of multipathing, i.e. objects on the ground are providing multiple reflection pathways from the satellite to antenna.
The Signal-to-Noise ratios are the mean values above the QC elevation mask for L1 and L2 respectively.