Problems in Hydrogeology:
Big floods on Mars
In this course we will attempt to answer the question:
``What triggered large Martian floods''. No textbook is required;
original papers will be assigned for reading.
Instructors: Chi Wang and Michael Manga
First meeting: Tuesday, January 21, 1:30 pm
Class meeting times: Wednesdays 2-4 pm
Room: McCone 55 (in the library)
Expectations: everyone involved in the class will contribute
to an annotated bibliography, a compilation of available data,
and a written summary of their topic
A preliminary syllabus(with readings):
Link to details
Last modified 17 Feb 2004
Introduction (Jan 28): Fundamentals of groundwater transport (Homework
Manga, M. (2004) Martian floods at Cerberus Fossae can be produced
by groundwater discharge, Geophysical
Research Letters, col. 31, L02702, doi:10.1029/2003GL018958
- Introduction and the present water cycle (Feb 4)
- Reading from Water on Mars by Carr, chapters 1 and 2
- Global and local water cycle (Feb 11)
- Clifford, S.M., and T.J. Parker (2001) The evolution of the Martian
hydrosphere: Implications for the fate of a primordial ocean and the
current state of the northern plains. Icarus, vol. 154:
- Gaidos, E. (2001) Cryovolcanism and the recent flow of liquid water
on Mars, Icarus, vol. 153, 218-223. pdf
- Each of the groups will present a summary of their topic and
its relationship to ``What triggered big floods''
- Outflow channels (Feb 18)
- Reading from Water on Mars by Carr, chapter 3
- Megafloods (Feb 25)
- Baker, V.R. (20002) High-energy megafloods: planetary
settings and sedimentary dynamics,
Spec. Pubs. Inst. Ass. Sediment, vol. 32, 3-15.
COPY IN THE MAILROOM
- Preliminary literature review to be completed
- Impact (Mar 5)
- Impact-induced melting of ice on Mars
- Stewart, Sarah and Tom Ahrens (2003) Shock Hugoniot of H2O ice,
Gophys. Res. Lett., 1332, doi:10.1029/2002GL016789.
- Stewart, Sarah, Tom Ahrens, and John O'Keefe, Impact-induced
melting of near-surface water-ice on Mars (preprint).
- Melosh, J. (1989) Impact Cratering: A Geologic Process, Oxford.
- Jones, A.P., D.G. Price, P.S. DeCarli, N. Proce, and R. Clegg
(2003) Impact decompression melting: a possible trigger for impact induced
volcanism and mantle hotspots? in Impact Markers in the Stratigraphic
Record, eds.: C. Koeberl andf F. Martinez-Ruiz, p. 81-116, Springer.
- Magma-water interaction on Mars (Mar 10)
- Ogawa, Y., Y. Yamagishi, and K. Kurita (2003)
Evaluation of melting process of the permafrost of Mars: Its
implication for surface features, J. Geophys. Res., vol. 108,
- Magma-water interaction on Mars (Mar 17)
- Chapman, M.G., M.T. Gudmundsson, A.J. Russell and T.M. Hare
(2003) Possible Juventae Chasma subice volcanic eruptions and Maja Valles ice
breakout floods on Mars: Implications of Mars Global Surveyor crater
densities, geomorphology, and topography, J. Geophys. Res., vol. 108, 5113,
- Head, J.W., III, and L. Wilson (2002) Mars: a review aand
synthesis of general environmejtas and geological settings of magma-H2O
interactions, in Volcano-Ice Interaction on Earth and Mars, eds.: J.L.
Smellie and M.G. Chapman, Geol. Soc London Sp. Publ., vol. 202, 27-57.
- Russell, P.S., and J.W. Head (2003) Elysium-Utopia flows as
mega-lahars: a model of dike intrusion, cryosphere cracking, and
water-sediment release, J. Geophys. Res., vol. 108, 5064, doi:10.1029/2002JE001995.
- Greeley, R., and B.D. Schneid (1991) Magma Generation on Mars: Amounts,
Rates, and Comparisons with Earth, Moon, and Venus,
Science, vol. 254, 996-998.
- Impact-induced liquefaction (March 31)
- Galli, P. (2000) New empirical relationships between magnitude
and distance for liquefaction, Tectonophysics, vol. 324, 169-187.
- Dobry, R., K.H. Stokoe, R.S. Ladd, and T.L. Youd (1981) Liquefaction
susceptibility from S-wave velocity, in: Insitu Testing to Evaluate
Liquefaction Susceptibility, ASCE National Convention, St Louis, 1981
- Holzer, T.L., J.C. Tinsley, and T. Hank (1989) Dynamics of
liquefaction during the 1987 Superstition Hills, California, earthquake,
Science, vol. 244, 56-59.
- Wang, C.Y., D. Dreger, C.H. Wang, D. Mayeri and J. Berryman
(2003) Field relations among ground motion, water level change and
liquefaction for the 1999 Chi-Chi (Mw=7.5) earthquake, Taiwan,
Geophys. Res. Lett., 1890,
- Kayen, R., and 6 co-authors (2003) Geotechnical reconnaissance of
the November 3, 2002 M7.9 Denali fault earthquake, Earthqu. Spectra, Special
Volume on the November 3, 2002 M7.9 Denali fault earthquake.
- Valley Networks and ground ice(April 7)
- Carr, chapters 4-5
- Carr and Head (2003) Basal melting of snow on early Mars:
A possible origin of some valley networks,
Geophys. Res. Lett., vol. 30, 2245, doi:10.1029/2003GL018575
- Climate change and evolution of water (April 14)
- Writing and discussion (April 21)
- Use this time to work in small groups and discuss progress -- this
will be preparation time for presentations on April 28.
- Presentations, round 1 (April 28)
- Presentation of questions and answers (or at least, what was known,
and has been learned, and what still needs to be understood)
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