### MICHAEL MANGA: Recent Refereed Publications

## Abstracts

#### Manga, M. and M. Loewenberg (2001)
Viscosity of magmas containing highly deformable bubbles,
*Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research*, vol. 105,
19-24.

Abstract:

The shear viscosity of a suspension of deformable bubbles dispersed
within a Newtonian
fluid is calculated as a function
of the shear rate and strain. The relative importance of bubble deformation
in the suspension is characterized by the capillary number (Ca),
which represents the ratio of viscous and surface tension stresses.
For small Ca, bubbles remain nearly spherical
and the viscosity of suspension is greater than that of the suspending
liquid, i.e., the relative viscosity is greater than 1.
If Ca > O(1), the relative viscosity is less than one.
In the limit that Ca -> infinity (surface tension is
dynamically negligible), numerical calculations for a suspension of spherical
bubbles agree well with the experimental measurements of Lejeune et al. (1999).
In general, bubbles have a modest effect on the relative viscosity,
with viscosity changing by less than a factor of 3
for volume fractions up to 50%.

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