Allen CV
Seismo Lab
Earth & Planetary
UC Berkeley

The Potential for Earthquake Early Warning in Southern California

Richard M Allen
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Hiroo Kanamori
California Institute of Technology

Science, 300, 786-789, 2 May 2003

Earthquake mitigation efforts in the United States currently use long-term probabilistic hazard assessments and rapid post-earthquake notification to reduce the potential damage of earthquakes. Here we present the seismological design for and demonstrate the feasibility of a short-term hazard warning system. Using data from past earthquakes, we show that our Earthquake Alarm System (ElarmS) could, with current TriNet instrumentation, issue a warning a few to tens of seconds ahead of damaging ground motion. The system uses the frequency content of the P-wave arrival to determine earthquake magnitude, an approach that allows magnitude determination before any damaging ground motion occurs.

Download reprint: AllenKanamoriElarmSScience2003.pdf (0.35Mb)

Supplementary online material: AllenKanamoriElarmSScience2003SOM.pdf (0.91Mb)

Also see the ElarmS webpage

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© Richard M Allen