Allen CV
Seismo Lab
Earth & Planetary
UC Berkeley

A comparison of tau-c and tau-p-max for magnitude estimation in earthquake early warning

Jang-Tian Shieh
Yih-Min Wu
National Taiwan University

Richard M. Allen
University of California, Berkeley

Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L20301, doi:10.1029/2008GL035611, 2008.

Download a preprint: ShiehWuAllenGRL2008.pdf

We determined the tau-c and tau-p-max parameters from the K-NET strong motion records of 16 earthquakes in Japan with moment magnitude (Mw) ranging from 6.0 to 8.3. A 0.075 Hz high-pass Butterworth filter was applied for determination of tau-c based on our previous studies. It was found that different pole selections of the Butterworth filter lead to different uncertainty in magnitude determination. Our results show that using two poles in the filters results in the best magnitude estimates i.e. minimized the standard deviation in magnitude determination in comparison to Mw using tau-c . The tau-p-max parameters (Allen and Kanamori, 2003) were also determined with the same dataset using the Wurman et al. (2007) procedure. It was found that tau-p-max values obtained from this dataset, and using the Wurman procedure, had a larger uncertainty. However, when a 0.075 Hz high-pass Butterworth filter with five poles was added, the uncertainty in tau-p-max-derived magnitude estimates decreased minimizing the standard deviation in magnitude determination using tau-p-max . This difference in the behavior of tau-c and tau-p-max can be used to further reduce the uncertainty in rapid magnitude determination for earthquake early warning. When the magnitude estimations from tau-c and tau-p-max of each event are averaged to provide a new magnitude estimate, the standard deviation in magnitude estimates is reduced further to 0.27 magnitude units.

© Richard M Allen