In the News
KQED Radio Forum: 'The Really Big One' That Will Hit the Pacific Northwest
Jul 22, 2015
There's a fault line that should strike greater fear in your heart than the San Andreas or the Hayward. The Cascadia Subduction Zone runs off the U.S. West Coast from Cape Mendocino in California north to Vancouver Island in Canada. The 700-mile fault zone has the potential to unleash such an enormous earthquake and tsunami that, in the words of one expert, "everything west of Interstate 5 will be toast." The New Yorker's Kathryn Schulz joins us to outline what's at stake. Her article "The Really Big One" appears in the magazine's latest issue. We'll also hear from a Bay Area seismologist about the fault's implications for California.
Host: Michael Krasny
Guests: Kathryn Schulz (Staff writer for the New Yorker) and Richard Allen (Director of the Berkeley Seismological Laboratory)
Los Gatos Startup, Arx Pax, Aims to Use Hoverboard Technology to Lift Buildings During Earthquakes
June 16, 2015
A South Bay startup aims to improve earthquake safety.
Arx Pax, Based in Los Gatos, is known for creating a hoverboard to let people float above the ground. The company now wants to use the same technology to one day lift a building during an earthquake.
In light of recent quakes in Napa and Nepal, UC Berkeley's seismological laboratory has been looking into Arx Pax Technology.
"This is not some sort of out there science fiction idea," said Dr. Jennifer Strauss, UC Berkeley Seismological Lab. "This is a reasonable idea that could actually work."
Full story at NBC Bay Area
Expert talks fact and fiction behind Hollywood's 'San Andreas' movie
June 4, 2015
SAN FRANCISCO (KTVU) - Some say it will be one of Hollywood's blockbuster movies of this year.
"San Andreas" starring Hayward's own Dwayne "The Rock" Johnson opened in some theaters Thursday night.
But could the big quake in the movie happen here in the Bay Area? That's the question KTVU asked local experts. "All of the disaster stuff is more than anything we expect scientifically happening in California," said Peggy Hellweg from Berkeley Seismological Laboratory.
Full story at KTVU
May 3, 2015
Why was last weekend's earthquake in Nepal so devastating? One reason is the geologic setting: When a magnitude 7.9 quake with a shallow source of only 12 kilometers below the ground strikes, very strong seismic shaking has to be expected and significant ground motion will spread over a very large area. Indeed, last Saturday's seismic waves were clearly felt both in New Delhi as well as in Dhaka. Each capital is located more than 800 km away from the epicenter.
Peggy Hellweg on the latest Nepal earthquake
May 2, 2015
The BSL's Peggy Hellweg talks about the second large earthquake in Nepal what can be done worldwide for earthquake early warning and earthquake preparation.
Scientists on the trail of flurries of tremors near quake zones
Mysterious seismic tremors deep inside the Earth have puzzled earthquake scientists for more than a decade, so on Thursday scientists lowered a package of sensitive instruments into the San Andreas Fault to learn what those tiny quakes mean.
The most recent surge of underground tremors followed the destructive Napa earthquake in August. For 100 days in a row, wave after wave of them triggered seismometers 250 miles away near the tiny southern Monterey County towns of Parkfield and Cholame, said Robert Nadeau, a geophysicist at the UC Berkeley Seismological Laboratory.
At Cholame on Thursday, seismologist Peggy Hellweg, the operations manager at the seismological lab, and her colleagues lowered a compact array of three seismometers, known as the Tremorscope, into the ground through a concrete-encased borehole drilled 750 feet down.
Quake warnings of minutes, not hours, are possible, but pricey
April 27, 2015
By Sharon Begley
(Reuters) - Nepal's record of earthquakes dates to at least the 13th century, with significant temblors striking every 75 years or so. And through all that time, in Nepal as in most seismically active areas, there has been one constant: people in the path of destruction have had no idea when the shaking would start.
Even after decades of research, "our ability to predict earthquakes is still non-existent," said seismologist Peggy Hellweg, of the Berkeley Seismological Laboratory at the University of California, Berkeley.
The area around Kathmandu suffered damaging quakes in 1934 and 1988, but when disaster experts met in Nepal's capital earlier this month, all they could forecast was that the next one would probably come in the next couple of decades.
Read more at REUTERS
Cell phones as quake early warning devices? Scientists hope so
April 10, 2015
By David Perlman
Add this to your smartphone’s many functions: In the near future it could help save lives by warning that a powerful, distant earthquake is about to shake the ground.
Earthquake scientists are proposing that “crowdsourcing” hundreds or even thousands of volunteers with their highly sensitive mobile phones could create a seismic early warning system to alert users of oncoming seismic shocks.
Seismologists in Menlo Park and UC Berkeley are testing the phones and foresee them as particularly useful in developing regions, like Southeast Asia and parts of Africa, that are prone to large and often devastating earthquakes but where more sophisticated warning systems don’t exist.
Read more at SFGATE
Left: Joe Cagajeski (front) and Erica Vaughn (behind) on their phones while they wait for food from the Senior Sisig food truck in the financial district in San Francisco, California, on Monday, April 6, 2015. Someday, their phones might warn them of an approaching ground shaking. Photo: Liz Hafalia, SF Chronicle.
7.0+ Magnitude Mega-Quake Possible In Berkeley Hills As Seismic Movement Links Calaveras, Hayward Faults
April 2, 2015
BERKELEY (KCBS) - New research from seismologists at the University of California, Berkeley shows the Hayward Fault is actually a branch of the Calaveras Fault, meaning the faults have a much greater destructive potential in the case of a simultaneous rupture, potentially triggering a tremor stronger than the 1989 disaster.
Learn more at KCBS
Links in Hayward, Calaveras faults a big danger, scientists warn
April 2, 2015
New evidence shows clearly that traces of the long-feared Hayward Fault and the recently active Calveras Fault are closely linked underground - indicating that both could rupture together in an earthquake more destructive than past forecasts have indicated, Berkeley quake scientists report.
Read more at SFGATE
Calaveras-Hayward fault link means potentially larger quakes
UC Berkeley seismologists have proven that the Hayward Fault is essentially a branch of the Calaveras Fault that runs east of San Jose, which means that both could rupture together, resulting in a significantly more destructive earthquake than previously thought.
"The maximum earthquake on a fault is proportional to its length, so by having the two directly connected, we can have a rupture propagating across from one to the other, making a larger quake," said lead researcher Estelle Chaussard, a postdoctoral fellow in the Berkeley Seismological Laboratory. "People have been looking for evidence of this for a long time, but only now do we have the data to prove it."
KQED Radio Forum: New Forecast Increases Odds for Huge Earthquake in California
March 12, 2015
Guests: Morgan Page (USGS Pasadena), Patrick Otellini (City and County of San Francisco), Richard Allen (BSL), Tim Dawson (California Geological Survey)
Obama Urges Early Earthquake Warning System
February 4, 2015
California lawmakers say President Barack Obama's recommendation to spend $5 million next year on an early earthquake warning system for the West Coast represents a significant breakthrough.
UC Berkeley marks 100th anniversary of campus landmark
February 3rd, 2015
BERKELEY, Calif. (KTVU) -- On the UC Berkeley campus Tuesday night, officials launched a year-long celebration marking the 100th anniversary of the prominent clock tower known as the Campanile with a special show.
Live music was provided by a carillon, a piano-like instrument played by musicians up inside the clock tower blended with simulated sounds of bells.
The composition they played was named "Natural Frequencies," music driven by a seismometer buried 70 feet below ground on campus that measures the earth's movements.
California receives U.S. funding for earthquake early-warning system
December 14, 2014
Rong-Gong Lin III, LA Times
A home in Napa, damaged by a 6.0-magnitude earthquake in August. (Alvin Jornada / European Pressphoto Agency)
California has received congressional funding to begin rolling out an earthquake early-warning system next year, capping nearly a decade of planning, setbacks and technological breakthroughs, officials said Sunday.
Scientists have long planned to make such a system available to some schools, fire stations, and more private businesses in 2015, but their effort hinged on Congress providing $5 million. The system would give as much as a minute's warning before shaking is felt in metropolitan areas, a margin that experts say would increase survival.
The early-warning system is considered a major advance in seismic safety because it can give the public crucial seconds to prepare for the effects of shaking. Scientists eventually want to make alerts available to a wider public via phones, computers and special devices, such as modified weather radios, once the network is refined.
California professor builds his own home earthquake detector
September 12, 2014
Bruce Kennedy, CBS MoneyWatch
Berkeley astronomer Joshua Bloom says his home-made detector cost him about $100 -- and is built from a $35 minicomputer, a speaker, a Wi-Fi adapter and an SD memory card. It also uses Shake Alert, a software developed by researchers at Berkeley's seismology lab, and is linked to earthquake sensors all over California.
"Those sensors wind up shaking and send their signals to a central computer," Bloom told CBS station KPIX 5 -- signals that also broadcast an alert on his home device.
And it apparently works. Bloom says the detector woke him up about five seconds ahead of last month's Napa quake with an automated voice message, saying "Earthquake! Light shaking expected in seconds."
Private Sector Takes Role in Advancing Quake Early Warning
Full story from NBC Los Angeles
Public Officials Support Berkeley's Earthquake Warning System
Full story at UC Berkeley News Center
Earthquake warning systems exist. But California won't pay for one.
August 26, 2014
Alex Park, Mother Jones
As Bay Area residents clean their streets and homes after the biggest earthquake to hit California in 25 years rocked Napa Valley this weekend, scientists are pushing lawmakers to fund a statewide system that could warn citizens about earthquakes seconds before they hit.
California already has a system, called ShakeAlert, that uses a network of sensors around the state to detect earthquakes just before they happen. The system - a collaboration between the University of California-Berkeley, Caltech, the US Geological Survey (USGS), and various state offices - detects a nondestructive current called a P-wave that emanates from a quake's epicenter just before the destructive S-wave shakes the earth. ShakeAlert has successfully predicted several earthquakes, including this weekend's Napa quake. It could be turned into a statewide warning system. But so far, the money's not there.
Berkeley's Earthquake Early Warning System
August 25, 2014
Looking for the Holy Grail in earthquake prediction
March 24, 2014
ABC 7 KGO
"It is one of the stranger juxtapositions in science. Cass Winery in Paso Robles, where they pull more than wine from the soil. Look up there, high on the hill. It's a deeper quest. "At other sites we hit granite, we hit limestone." You will find many materials in California's unpredicatbel San Andreas earthquake fault which has a history of striking without warning. But maybe not in the future if Dr. Peggy Hellweg finds what she is looking for. A relatively new discovery: tremor waves..."
UC Berkeley taps its old mine shaft to study Hayward Fault
March 16, 2014
Mining 101 on the UC Berkeley campus a hundred years ago: the basics of dynamite, shoring a mine shaft, mine surveying and mine rescue.
And it wasn't just mining theory. The students, 18, 19 and 20 years old, actually blasted and dug a shaft, called the Lawson Adit, into the rocky hills on the northeastern corner of campus.
The shaft, which before a series of cave-ins ran nearly 900 feet into the earth just east of the Hearst Mining Building, still stretches some 200 dark, damp feet into the earth, but now sits mostly neglected behind an unassuming locked gate.
Earthquake researchers hope to install seismographs and high-frequency microphones that can detect the squeals of the nearby Hayward Fault later this year, but for now the adit is a mostly unknown bit of Berkeley - and Bay Area -history.
Who Will Pay for an Earthquake Warning System on the West Coast?
Temblor early warning systems are real—and making their U.S. debut
Feb 6, 2014
By Amy Nordrum
A few weeks ago seismologist Tom Heaton was on the phone with a reporter extolling the virtues of a new earthquake early warning system he helped invent. Suddenly, an alert flashed across the computer screen in his Los Angeles–area office. “Oh, it just popped up! There was an earthquake in San Francisco and the waves will get to me in about two and a half minutes,” Heaton said with a glance. “But it's a [magnitude] 2.8 so we won’t feel it.”
Heaton, director of the Earthquake Engineering Research Laboratory at the California Institute of Technology, is part of the team of California researchers behind the new warning system, called ShakeAlert. It is triggered by the earliest waves of a quake, which are too subtle for humans to feel.
- Doug Dreger, UC Berkeley seismologist and 49ers fan
Seattle NFL stadium now wired for crowd-quakes
17 January 2014
Come Sunday in Seattle, the CenturyLink Field American football stadium will be rocking – and there'll be seismic sensors there to prove it.
The stadium is home to the National Football League's Seattle Seahawks and renowned for its raucous crowds. In January 2011, the team's Marshawn Lynch ran his way into team history with an improbable game-winning touchdown (pictured), the reaction to which registered at a seismic station 90 metres from the stadium.
Now the stadium itself is wired to pick up crowd tremors, and starting last week, researchers at the Pacific Northwest Seismic Network (PNSN) began streaming live seismic readings out to fans, and using the experience to test their readiness in case a real earthquake strikes the seismically active region.