EEW: Earthquake Early Warning

Technical Publications

Quick link to key publications


  • Strauss, J.A., R. M. Allen (2016), Benefits and Costs of Earthquake Early Warning, Seismo. Res. Lett., 87, 765-772, doi: 10.1785/0220150149/li>


  • Kuyuk, H.S. Brown H., Henson I., Allen R.M., Hellweg M., Neuhauser D. "Designing a network-based earthquake early warning system for California: ElarmS-2,", Bulletin of Seismological Society of America, 104(1), doi:10.1785/0120130146, 2014.


  • Kuyuk , H.S., RM. Allen., “A global approach to provide magnitude estimates for earthquake early warning”, Geophysical Research Letters, 40, DOI: 10.1002/2013GL058580, 2013.
  • Kuyuk H.S., R.M. Allen, “Optimal seismic network density for earthquake early warning: A case study from California”, Seismological Research Letters, 84(6), p. 946-954 , doi: 10.1785/0220130043, 2013.


  • Allen, R.M., Transforming Earthquake Detection? Science 335, 297-298, doi: 10.1126/science.1214650, 2012.


  • Allen, R.M., Earthquakes, Early and Strong Motion Warning, in Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics, Harsh Gupta (ed.) p 226-233, Springer, 2011
  • Allen, R.M. and A. Ziv, Application of real-time GPS to earthquake early warning, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L16310, doi:10.1029/2011GL047947, 2011.
  • Brown, H., R.M. Allen, M. Hellweg, O. Kahinovski, D. Neuhauser, and A. Souf, Development of the ElarmS methodology for earthquake early warning: Realitime application in California and offline testing in Japan, Soil Dyn. and Earthquake Engin. 31, 188-200, doi: 10.1016/j.soildyn.2010.03.008, 2011.
  • Uhrhammer, R.A., M. Hellweg, K. Hutton, P. Lombard, A. W. Walters, E. Hauksson, D. Oppenheimer, California Integrated Seismic Network (CISN) Local Magnitude Determination in California and Vicinity, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 101(6), p2685-2693, doi: 10.1785/0120100106, 2011.


  • Allen, R.M., P. Gasparini and O. Kamigaichi (eds), New Methods and Applications of Earthquake Early Warning. Special Section, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L00B01, L00B02, L00B03, L00B04, L00B05, L00B06, L00B07, L00B08, 2009.
  • Allen, R.M., H. Brown, M. Hellweg, O. Khainovski, P. Lombard, D. Neuhauser, Realtime earthquake detection and hazard assessment by ElarmS across California. Geophys. Res. Lett., 36L00B08, doi:10.1029/2008GL036766, 2009.
  • Allen, R.M., P. Gasparini and O. Kamigaichi (eds), Earthquake Early Warning, Special Issue, Seismo. Res. Lett., 80, (5) p682-782, 2009.
  • Allen, R.M., P. Gasparini, O. Kamigaichi, M. Bse, The Status of Earthquake Early Warning around the World: An Introductory Overview, Seismo. Res. Lett., 80, (5) p682-693, doi: 10.1785/gssrl.80.5.682, 2009.
  • Bse, M., E. Hauksson, K. Solanki, H. Kanamori, Y.-M. Wu, and T.H. Heaton, 2009. A New Trigger Criterion for Improved Real-time Performance of On-site Earthquake Early Warning in Southern California, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am. 99-2A.
  • Bse, M., E. Hauksson, K. Solanki, H. Kanamori, and T.H. Heaton, 2009. Real-Time Testing of the On-site Warning Algorithm in Southern California and Its Performance During the July 29 2008 Mw5.4 Chino Hills Earthquakes, Geophys. Res. Lett.36, L00B03, doi:10.1029/2008GL036366.
  • Bse, M. and T.H. Heaton: Probabilistic Prediction of Rupture Length, Slip and Seismic Ground Motions for an Ongoing Rupture - Implications for Early Warning for Large Earthquake, in prep. Brown, H., R.M. Allen, V. Grasso, Testing ElarmS in Japan, Seismo. Res. Lett., 80, (5) p727- 739, doi: 10.1785/gssrl.80.5.727, 2009.
  • Brown, H.M., R.M. Allen, M. Hellweg, O. Khainovski, D. Neuhauser, A. Souf, in review. Development of the ElarmS methodology for earthquake early warning: Realtime application in California and offline testing in Japan, Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering.
  • Brown, H., R.M. Allen, V. Grasso, Testing ElarmS in Japan, Seism. Res. Lett., 80(5), 727-739, doi: 10.1785/gssrl.80.5.727, 2009.
  • Cua, G., M. Fischer, T. Heaton, S. Wiemer, D. Giardini, 2009. Real-time performance of the Virtual Seismologist method in southern California. Seismol. Res. Lett.80(5) p740-747.
  • Cua, G. and T. H. Heaton, 2007. The Virtual Seismologist (VS) method: a Bayesian approach to earthquake early warning. In "Earthquake Early Warning Systems", P. Gasparini, G. Manfredi, J. Zschau (Eds), Springer, ISBN-13 978-3-540-72240-3.
  • Cua, G., and T. H. Heaton, in review, Characterizing average properties of southern California ground motion amplitudes and envelopes. Bull. Seism. Soc. Am.
  • Khler, N., Cua, G., Wenzel, F., and M. Bse, 2009: Rapid Source Parameter Estimations of Southern California Earthquakes Using PreSEIS, Seism. Res. Lett.80 (5), pp. 748-754, doi: 10.1785/gssrl.80.5.748.
  • Lockman, A.B. and R.M. Allen, 2007. Magnitude-period scaling relations for Japan and the Pacific Northwest: Implications for earthquake early warning, Bull. seism. Soc. Am.97(1), 140-150, doi: 10.1785/0120040091


  • Olivieri, M., R.M. Allen and G. Wurman, 2008. The potential for earthquake early warning in Italy using ElarmS. Bull. seism. Soc. Am.98, p495-503, doi: 10.1785/0120070054.
  • Oth, A., M. Bse, F. Wenzel, N. Khler and M. Erdik: Optimizing Seismic Networks for Earthquake Early Warning: the Istanbul case, in prep.
  • Shieh, J.T., Y.M. Wu, R.M. Allen, 2008. A comparison of tau-c and tau-p-max for magnitude estimation in earthquake early warning, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L20301, doi:10.1029/2008GL035611.
  • Yamada, M. and T. Heaton, 2008. Real-time Estimation of Fault Rupture Extent using Envelopes of Acceleration. Bull. seism. Soc. Am.98 (2), 607-619.


  • Allen, R.M., 2007. The ElarmS earthquake early warning methodology and its application across California. In "Earthquake Early Warning Systems", P.
  • Allen, R.M., 2007. Earthquake hazard mitigation: New directions and opportunities. In "Treatise on Geophysics", G. Schubert (ed.), Vol 4 (H. Kanamori ed.), p607-648, Elsevier.
  • Tsang, L., R.M. Allen and G. Wurman, 2007. Magnitude scaling relations from P-waves in southern California. Geophys. Res. Lett.34L19304, doi:10.1029/2007GL031077.
  • Wurman, G., R.M. Allen and P. Lombard, 2007. Toward earthquake early warning in northern California. J. Geophys. Res.112, B08311, doi:10.1029/2006JB004830.
  • Wu, Y-.M., H. Kanamori, R.M. Allen and E. Hauksson, 2007. Determination of earthquake early warning parameters, tau-c and Pd, for southern California, Geophys. J. Int.170, 711-717, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2007.03430.x
  • Yamada, M. 2007. Early warning for earthquakes with large rupture dimension. Ph.D. thesis, California Institute of Technology.
  • Yamada, M., T. Heaton and J. Beck, 2007. Real-time Estimation of Fault Rupture Extent Using Near-source versus Far-source Classification. Bull. seism. Soc. Am.97 (6), 1890-1910.
  • Yamada, M., T. Heaton and J. Beck, in press. Early Warning Systems for Large Earthquakes: Classification of Near-source and Far-source Stations by using the Bayesian Model Class Selection. ICASP10.